Strong Women, Historical Names
We unveil this quiz in honor of both the recognized and unsung female heroes and achievers in history, as we celebrate the anniversary of Women’s History Month. See if any of their names could serve as inspiration for your baby girl.
Question 1 of 14
She was the first Western photographer allowed into the Soviet Union, the first female photojournalist to work for Life magazine, and the first female war correspondent allowed to step into combat zones during World War II. Who was she?
Margaret Bourke-White was known to Life staffers as "Maggie the Indestructible" and described as "the woman who had been torpedoed in the Mediterranean, strafed by the Luftwaffe, stranded on an Arctic island, bombarded in Moscow, and pulled out of the Chesapeake when her chopper crashed."
Question 2 of 14
After being rejected by 29 medical schools, she became the first woman to earn a medical degree in the United States. The good doctor's name was:
|Julia Ward Howe|
Elizabeth Blackwell was declined by 29 medical schools before being accepted at Geneva College in New York and graduating at the top of her class.
Question 3 of 14
Who was the first woman to run for President of the United States?
Victoria Woodhull was nominated for president by the Equal Rights Party in 1872 with Frederick Douglass as her running mate. (Incumbent President Ulysses S. Grant was ultimately elected for a second term.) She was an outspoken champion of women's rights, labor reforms, and free love.
Question 4 of 14
When the Daughters of the Revolution refused to let her sing at Constitution Hall in 1939, this American contralto then performed an open-air concert for President Franklin D. Roosevelt and First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial. Who was she?
Marian Anderson was also invited to sing at the inaugurations of President Dwight D. Eisenhower and John F. Kennedy. Later, in 1955 she would be the first African-American artist to perform with the Metropolitan Opera in New York City.
Question 5 of 14
This Bronx-born graduate of Princeton University and Yale Law School became the first Hispanic Supreme Court Justice in 2009:
Sonia Sotomayor, the daughter of Puerto Rican natives, became the Supreme Court's first Hispanic justice and its third female justice in 2009.
Question 6 of 14
Which racecar driver was the first woman to win an Indy car race?
Janet Guthrie was the first woman to qualify and compete in the Indianapolis 500 and the Daytona 500, but Danica Patrick was the first female driver to win an Indy car race in the 2008 Indy Japan 300.
|Lyn St. James|
Question 7 of 14
Who was the first woman to land three triple axel jumps in figure skating at the Winter Olympics?
Japanese figure skater Mao Asada was the first woman to do three triple axel jumps at the 2010 Winter Olympics in Vancouver, Canada. She won a silver medal, coming in second to Korea's Kim Yu-Na. Japanese-American Kristi Yamaguchi won a gold medal at the 1992 Winter Olympic Games in Albertville, France.
Question 8 of 14
Using a $50,000 inheritance from her father, this social worker established the first settlement house in the country, Chicago's Hull House. Later recognized for her pacifist efforts, she became the first American woman to win the Nobel Peace Prize in 1931.
|Emily Greene Balch|
|Bertha von Suttner|
Bertha von Suttner was the first woman to win the Nobel Peace Prize, but Jane Addams was the first American woman to win. Emily Greene Balch became the second.
Question 9 of 14
This acclaimed poet and playwright once worked as the first female African-American streetcar operator in San Francisco. Later in her career, she was asked to speak at a presidential inauguration. Who is she?
Maya Angelou held many occupations and jobs throughout her life, working as a streetcar operator, a dancer, an actress, a playwright, before finding success as a poet, a professor, and a public speaker. She read her poem, "On the Pulse of Morning," at President Bill Clinton's inauguration in 1993.
Question 10 of 14
Who was the first dancer to perform at the White House and receive the Presidential Medal of Freedom?
Martha Graham performed for eight different presidents at the White House, beginning with President Franklin D. Roosevelt. The groundbreaking dancer and choreographer was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1976 by President Gerald Ford and dubbed "Dancer of the Century" by Time magazine.
|Ruth St. Denis|
Question 11 of 14
Hailed as the First Lady of Physics, this scientist was tapped to work on the Manhattan Project. Later she became the first female president of the American Physical Society and the first recipient of the Wolf Prize in Physics.
|Jocelyn Bell Burnell|
Chien-Shiung Wu, the Shanghai-born scientist called the "Chinese Marie Curie," received her Ph.D. from the University of California at Berkeley and was also the first female physics instructor at Princeton University.
Question 12 of 14
One of the most skillful and daring stagecoach drivers during the California Gold Rush was discovered to be a woman after her death. Who was she?
|Lillian "Lyle" Smith|
Disguised as a man for much of her life, Charlotte "Charlie" Darkey Parkhurst was known as "One Eyed Charley" or "Six-Horse Charley" when she drove a stagecoach.
|Watanya "Wally" Cicilla|
Question 13 of 14
Who was the first black woman elected to Congress?
|Carol Moseley Braun|
As a Congressman, Shirley Chisholm represented New York's 12th Congressional District from 1969 to 1983. Carol Moseley Braun was the first African-American woman elected to the United States Senate, representing Illinois from 1993 to 1999.
Question 14 of 14
Which English nurse tended injured soldiers in the Crimean War and was known as "the lady with the lamp?"
Florence Nightingale was a pioneering nurse who published many of her fundamental ideas about nursing in her book, Notes on Nursing. International Nurses Day is celebrated on Florence Nightingale's birthday on May 12. Named after the city of her birth (Florence, Italy), Florence had an older sister, Parthenope, named after a Greek settlement in Naples.
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