Little Ears: Hearing Milestones and Loss in Infants
Milestones of Infant Hearing
If you are unsure whether your infant or child may have a hearing loss, take a look at this list of milestones adapted from Dr. Amie Gordon-Langbein, DO, a specialist in pediatric hearing loss. If your child does not meet these criteria, you may have a reason to be concerned and should act promptly.
Birth to Three Months
- Loud sounds are startling to these young babies.
- Infants are soothed by familiar voices.
- Most babies begin to gurgle, babble, or coo.
Three to Six Months
- Infants turn in the direction of sound.
- Babies of this age like toys that make noise or rattle.
- Infants react to familiar voices and, around six months, may babble in response.
Seven to Ten Months
- Babies understand common first words such as mama, dada, and no.
- Infants turn to familiar sounds even when the source of the sound cannot be seen (telephone, footsteps, dog barking).
- Infants make sounds other than gurgles and coos.
- Babies recognize their own names.
Eleven to Fifteen Months
- Babies attempt to match sounds with their own speech, usually in reaction to human voices or loud noises.
- Babies are able to point to objects when asked.
- Most babies understand simple questions and respond appropriately (Where’s the cat? Where’s mommy?)
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