I have been told that I am a candidate for IUI, and am curious to know what is involved in this procedure, and when in a cycle it is normally performed.
An IUI is the abbreviation for intrauterine insemination. It is the process of injecting sperm directly into the uterus at the time of ovulation. This allows the sperm to bypass the vagina, where most sperm are killed, and the opening to the uterus (cervix) where most sperm get trapped.
Timing is important so you or your doctor needs to determine the exact day of ovulation. Your partner comes in first and collects a semen specimen into a cup. Over the next hour, the doctor will prepare the specimen by removing the fluid and concentrating the sperm.
Finally, you will come into an examination room, lie on a table with your legs in stirrups and have a speculum placed in the vagina (like when you have a PAP smear). The doctor will slide a catheter into the uterus and squirt the sperm in.
You will rest in the office for a few minutes and then do whatever you want for the rest of the day.